Main information about Ritalin
Ritalin is used to adjust an attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children.
This is one of the most popular drugs on the west market to improve the cognitive functions in children with attention deficit disorder. The drug contains methylphenidate.
Ritalin is a psychostimulant which stimulates an additional synthesis of dopamine in the brain. People with low level of dopamine experience difficulties with a concentration of attention, show high activity and often commit impulsive actions.
Such behavior for children may mean an incomplete development in the society, and therefore Ritalin helps to improve the interaction of a child with world.
Using Ritalinimproves concentration and attention, reduces fatigue, daytime sleepiness, a child plays nice with peers.
The efficiency of Ritalin for adults has been studied by leading medical laboratories. But the causes of ADHD in adults are different, so that the use of Ritalin is doubtful.
Administration and dosage
Ritalin is produced in pills for the oral use. To treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children, it is recommended to begin the treatment from the lowest dose of Ritalin 1 mg per 1 kg of the body weight.
The daily dose is used in the morning 30 minutes before breakfast and with a full glass of water.
If there is no evident effect within 1-2 weeks, the dose of Ritalin may be increased up to 1,5 mg per 1 kg of the body weight, but not more than 60 mg per day.
It is not recommended to take more than 60 mg of Ritalin per day because the side effects may appear due to the high dose.
Recommendations for the use
A light euphoria is possible during the use of Ritalin within the first 2-3 weeks. This feeling appears within 2-4 hours after the consumption of a pill.
It is lower in comparison with the use of amphetamine, and therefore a development of the medical addiction is almost impossible
- Ritalin is prescribed for a short-term treatment of the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and therefore the length of the treatment should not exceed 2-3 months. In case of longer courses, the medicine should be replaced in order to lower a risk of the development of a medical addiction
- Do not take Ritalin if you or your child has acute psychosis, anxiety, glaucoma, severe heart disease, or uncontrolled hypertension. As Ritalin provides an agitating action to the central nervous system, the symptoms of these pathologies may grow, and this will lead to the additional problems with health
- Pregnant women must not take Ritalin in order to reduce a risk of pathologies in fetus.
The side effects of Ritalin may be caused by its stimulating action to the central nervous system. The most evident side effect of Ritalin is felt at the beginning of the treatment.
Using Ritalin patients may experience dizziness, increased blood pressure, tremor, a sense of euphoria and excitement, insomnia, tachycardia, decreased appetite, headache.
In case of the overdose, an intense mental disorder with the symptoms of neurosis/psychosis is formed.
If you noticed an allergic reaction as a result of taking the pills, the treatment should be stopped.