Main information about Valium
Valium reduces a feeling of anxiety and inhibits concern, fear, and phobia.
It contains Diazepam ingredient which belongs to the group of benzodiazepines. Like other benzodiazepines, Valium has a broad action. This drug provides an anxiolytic, sedative, anticonvulsant, and muscle relaxant effect.It may increase the action of analgesic and sedative drugs and is widely used in the medical practice.
Valium has an evident anti-anxiety effect.
It is known that this effect is achieved by means of the reduction of the agitation in the central nervous system by means of the increased production of gamma-aminobutyric acid. This is the main breaking mediator of the brain and the central nervous system which controls an emotional state and a work of the central nervous system.
Valium causes an emotional and vegetative relaxation, calms down and removes anxiety and improves sleep.
In high doses, the drug inhibits spinal reflexes and relaxes the smooth muscle fibers of the skeletal muscle, reduces a degree of the spasms and muscle hypertonia.
Administration and dose of Valium
Valium is produced in the pills for the oral use.
The pills are used 2 to 4 times per day because the length of the action of a one-time therapeutic dose is short.
As an anti-anxiety product, Valium is used in the dose of 2,5-5 mg 4 times per day. In seldom cases (when anxiety and panic attacks increase) a one-time dose of Valium may be 10 mg.
If neuroses, phobia, or neuralgia, Valium is used in the dose of 5-10 mg 2-3 times per day with the interval of 8-10 hours.
If spasms of the muscle fibers, it is recommended to use 10 mg of Valium 2 times per day.
The pills are used orally and taken with a full glass of water. It is better to use the drug on an empty stomach in order to increase a bioavailability of Diazepam in the blood. A therapeutic effect occurs in about 3-5 days. The maximal therapeutic effect happens in 7-10 days and is kept during a regular use of the pills. A length of the treatment depends on the medical image of a patient and a correct scheme of the treatment.
Recommendations for the use
- Valium may be used by both adults and children over 1 year old. A dose for children is individual according to many physiological rates, including age of a child, body weight, a cause of the pathology of the central nervous system, and others
- Do not take Valium during the following issues: respiratory failure, myasthenia gravis, sleep apnea, seizures, and liver failure
- In case of acute intoxications of the body (alcohol, drug, medical), the use of Valium is contraindicated because it may cause an attack of the symptoms related to the affection of the central nervous system
- Do not take Valium during pregnancy, lactation. Avoid alcohol consumption during the treatment
An interaction of Valium with the central nervous system may cause side effects such as drowsiness, dizziness, psychomotor retardation, lethargy, digestive disorders, anemia, dry mouth, and decreased blood pressure.
If the side effects are moderate and do not cause discomfort, the use of Valium is continued according to the standard scheme. If the side effects grow, the dose of Valium is decreased.